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Old 03-13-2009, 09:21 PM
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Default A Summary of the 2008 World Health Report ?Primary Health Care: Now More Than Ever?

"Primary health care was put forward thirty years ago as a set of values, principles and approaches aimed at raising the level of health in deprived populations.


"It recognized that many root causes of ill health and disease lie beyond the control of the health sector and thus must be tackled through a broad whole-of-society approach. Doing so would meet several objectives: better health, less disease, greater equity, and vast improvements in the performance of health systems.

"WHO proposes that countries make health system and health development decisions guided by four broad, interlinked policy directions. These four represent core primary health care principles...


"Universal coverage: For fair and efficient systems, all people must have access to health care according to need and regardless of ability to pay. If they do not have access, health inequities produce decades of differences in life expectancies not only between countries but within countries...


"People-centred services: Health systems can be reoriented to better respond to people’s needs through delivery points embedded in communities...


"Healthy Public Policies: Biology alone does not explain many gaps in longevity...Ministries of trade, environment, education and others all have their impact on health, and yet little attention is generally paid to decisions in these ministries that have health impacts...

"Leadership: ...Existing health systems will not naturally gravitate towards more fair, efficient (those that work better) and effective (those that achieve their goals) models. So, rather than command and control, leadership has to negotiate and steer. All components of society – including those not traditionally involved in health – have to be engaged, including civil society, the private sector, communities and the business sector. Health leaders need to ensure that vulnerable groups have a platform to express their needs and that these pleas are heeded...."

The full copy of the summary of the report is at:









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Last edited by nyapa; 03-21-2009 at 08:11 PM.
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